HLA-A Back

major histocompatibility complex, class I, A

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NCBI Description of HLA-A

HLA-A belongs to the HLA class I heavy chain paralogues. This class I molecule is a heterodimer consisting of a heavy chain and a light chain (beta-2 microglobulin). The heavy chain is anchored in the membrane. Class I molecules play a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from the endoplasmic reticulum lumen. They are expressed in nearly all cells. The heavy chain is approximately 45 kDa and its gene contains 8 exons. Exon 1 encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the alpha1 and alpha2 domains, which both bind the peptide, exon 4 encodes the alpha3 domain, exon 5 encodes the transmembrane region, and exons 6 and 7 encode the cytoplasmic tail. Polymorphisms within exon 2 and exon 3 are responsible for the peptide binding specificity of each class one molecule. Typing for these polymorphisms is routinely done for bone marrow and kidney transplantation. Hundreds of HLA-A alleles have been described.

Community Annotation of HLA-A Add / Edit HLA-A: Annotations

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Figure notes

• "Mouse over" a mutation to see details.
• Missense green saturation indicates evolutionary conservation of the mutated positions.
• Red hashes in protein strip are splice sites.
• Blue-white-red bars are log2 copy ratio distributions (–1 to +1) from Zack et al. (2013).


HLA-A is highly significantly mutated in
Head and neck
12 patients (3%)
combined cohort
36 patients (0%)
HLA-A is significantly mutated in
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
4 patients (6%)
Lung squamous cell carcinoma
6 patients (3%)
HLA-A is near significance in

Click on a tumor type to see its full list of significant genes.

Data details

Mutation list for HLA-A